According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Alzheimer's is ranked as the sixth leading cause of death in Florida. In 2019, 6,539 Floridians died from Alzheimer’s-related complications, and it’s estimated that around 580,000 Florida residents aged 65 and older currently have the disease, and that number is expected to increase by 24.1% by 2025. The Alzheimer's Association projects that Alzheimer's and other related forms of dementia will affect around 12.7 million people across the United States by 2050.
Memory care facilities provide those living with Alzheimer's and dementia with care that is tailored to their unique needs. Memory care can take place in its own facility, or as part of a designated wing of another residential care community. Staff members of memory care units or facilities undergo specialized training in caring for those with memory impairment, and the facilities often coordinate social activities and schedules specifically for the needs of those living with Alzheimer's or dementia.
This guide will cover the cost of memory care in Florida, financial assistance options for paying for memory care, free memory care resources in the state, and a directory of memory care facilities in Florida.
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Because of the specialized staff training and resources required to provide high-quality memory care, memory care typically costs more than other types of residential care. On average, memory care will cost 20-30% more than assisted living.
We've calculated the average cost of memory care in Florida by adding 25% to the expenses of assisted living reported in the 2021 Genworth Cost of Care Survey.
The average memory care community in Florida charges around $5,000, which is less than the national average of $5,625. Communities in Florida charge more per month on average than those in the nearby states of Georgia ($4,419), Alabama ($4,379) and Mississippi ($4,375).
The cost of memory care varies greatly across the state of Florida. Seniors living in the highly populated city of Miami pay around $5,481 per month, while those in the state capital of Tallahassee pay an estimated $5,813 each month. The most expensive city in that state is Naples at $6,625, and in comparison, the cheapest option is Gainesville, where seniors in memory care pay an average of $2,938.
In 2014, Florida consolidated all Medicaid waivers for home and community-based care under the Statewide Medicaid Managed Care Long-Term Care Program banner. It's a nursing home diversion program that funds a range of nonmedical, medical and support-based programs. These waivers don't specifically cover memory care but rather offer a variety of services aiming to prevent or delay nursing home placement. Services covered by the program include personal care, therapy services, behavior management, medication management and transportation.
In Florida, Medicaid eligibility is based on a number of predetermined factors such as age, income and assets. Seniors can't have more than $2,000 in assets, excluding an owner-occupied home, which may have a value of up to $636,000. Individual annual income may not exceed $18,075 before taxes.
2022 Medicaid Income Limits for Seniors in Florida
|family size||annual income limits||asset limits|
|Two-Person Household (Single Applicant)||$30,276||$2,000 for applicant & $137,400 for non-applicant|
|Two-Person Household (Dual Applicants)||$60,552||$3,000|
Seniors applying for Medicaid must meet certain requirements and provide documents proving they qualify for coverage. An income verification letter from Social Security and proof of income for the past five years must be presented. Seniors must submit copies of all personal checks of $500 or more written in the past 60 months, along with statements from any investment or bank accounts used during that time.
Additional documentation required includes:
Seniors in Florida who need assistance applying for Medicaid can contact the ACCESS Customer Call Center. In addition, they can request help from local senior service agencies, and some senior centers provide Medicaid counseling and workshops to guide seniors through that application process.
|ACCESS Florida||850-300-4323||ACCESS Florida is an online application service and information site with public access information 24/7. In addition, it runs a call center program to assist with benefits applications.|
|Florida Department of Elder Affairs - Elder Hotline||800-963-5337||Operators are available 24/7 to help seniors and determine if they are eligible for benefits.|
|Statewide Medicaid Managed Care Long-Term Care Program||Online Information||The official website of the SMMC-LTC Program provides a step-by-step guide that covers the application process and what is required for program eligibility.|
Unfortunately, Medicare does not generally cover the cost of Memory Care. Most Memory Care Facilities are considered to be "social settings," so Medicare does not cover the cost incurred in these facilities. The only exception to that is if you are receiving memory care services in a Nursing Home. While this situation is much less common, Medicare would sometimes cover the cost, depending on a number of circumstances.
That being said, Medicare does still cover qualified doctor visits, medications, etc., as it would if you were still at home, but it will not cover the cost of care received at the Memory Care Facility.
In addition to the state programs mentioned above, those looking for resources to finance memory care may consider:
In Florida, assisted living facilities of all sizes and types are licensed through the Bureau of Health Facility Regulation.
Assisted living facilities, or ALFs, include private homes, homes for the aged, boarding homes and other buildings which directly or indirectly provide accommodation, meals, and assistance with one or home activities of daily living for more than 24 hours to one or more adults not related to the owner or operator.
Florida provides a number of specialty licenses for ALFs that meet the requirements for a standard license. These specialty licenses are designed to deliver enhanced services above and beyond the usual supports provided in an assisted living facility in order to allow residents to age in place in the most appropriate, least-restrictive placement.
ALFs licensed to provide limited nursing services (LNS) can perform specific procedures and treatments such as ear and eye irrigation, intermittent catheterization, conducting range of motion exercises and conducting nursing assessments performed by a registered nurse.
ALFs licensed as an Extended Congregate Care facility can provide all of the services available under the standard and LNS license regulations in addition to any nursing services which are within the scope of practice for a registered nurse. Facilities that are covered by an ECC license can provide a higher level of care than what is offered in standard ALFs, and this care may include supports and treatments for those with Alzheimer's and other dementias.
In accordance with Florida state law, each ALF must assess the appropriateness of each prospective resident in relation to the services and supports offered at the ALF. This chart provides an overview of the requirements:
Residents Who May Be Admitted
Older adults and people who:
Residents Who May NOT Be Admitted
Applicants who may not be Residents in ECC-licensed ALFs must be moved to a hospital or nursing facility if they are bedridden for two weeks or more.
Newly-placed ALF residents must be examined by an advanced RN practitioner or licensed physician no more than 60 days prior to, or 30 days following admission, and a medical report must be provided to the ALF administrator. This report is used to develop a personalized care plan that must be reviewed on a monthly basis by a licensed nurse employed by, or contracted to, the facility.
Residents must also receive a resident agreement which outlines the specific supplies, supports, and accommodations along with the daily, weekly and monthly care cost and information. This agreement must cover resident rights, refund policies, bed hold policies and disclosure of any religious affiliations of the facility.
Unlicensed staff are allowed to assist with the self-administration of medications, while licensed nursing staff are allowed to administer prescription and over-the-counter medications.
Assistance with self-administration of medications can include reading the label to the resident, opening the medication container and removing the prescribed dose, and applying topical medications.
While standard and LNS-licensed ALFs are not required to provide private accommodations, ECC facilities must provide either a private or semi-private room or apartment. A maximum of four residents can share a single bathroom.
ALFs that offer dementia care must have 24-hour staffing and mechanisms in place to monitor residents, and that staff must remain awake if the facility has 17 or more residents.
Facilities with a secure area for residents with dementia must be staffed by workers who have completed at least four hours of specialized training in memory care before being assigned to the secure unit. Direct care staff must continue to complete at least four hours of dementia-specific training for the duration of their employment at the facility.
ALF room and board rates for Florida Medicaid participants are negotiated between the facility operator and the Medicaid State Plan.
Concerns or complaints regarding any licensed health care facility that is regulated by Florida's Agency for Health Care Administration can be filed by calling the Complaint Administration Unit, Agency for Health Care Administration, at (888) 419-3456. Complaints against unlicensed health care facilities can be reported by calling (888) 419-3456.
Seniors and their caregivers in Florida have access to a number of services and resources that can assist and support them. These resources are provided free of charge or for a low cost by government departments and nonprofit organizations.
|Alzheimer’s Association – Central and North Florida||800-272-3900||The Alzheimer’s Association, Central and North Florida branch serves 43 counties, providing no-cost educational programs, hosting support groups and promoting fundraising efforts towards Alzheimer’s research.|
|Alzheimer’s Association of Southeast Florida||800-272-3900||The Alzheimer’s Association of Southeast Florida provides free information on dementia-specific resources such as residential care facilities, adult day programs, transportation and legal assistance. The Association also helps connect families with clinical trials, operates an online message board, and hosts a number of support groups for patients and caregivers.|
|Alzheimer’s & Dementia Resource Center||407-436-7750||The Alzheimer’s & Dementia Resource Center offers a number of free workshops, support groups and educational programs for caregivers and patients. These workshops include information on paying for care, understanding the different types of dementia and communication strategies.|
|Alzheimer’s Association – Florida Gulf Coast||800-272-3900||The Florida Gulf Coast Chapter of the Alzheimer’s Association maintains up-to-date information on local resources for Alzheimer’s patients and their families. The Association also distributes printed information, provides professional training and operates a number of free online caregiver support programs.|
|The National Institute on Aging – Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias||800-438-4380||Florida residents can access a comprehensive collection of online resources through the National Institute on Aging. There is information about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options as well as links to current dementia research programs and clinical trials.|
Note: The following information was compiled and most recently updated on 2/3/2022. Since COVID-19 is a rapidly evolving crisis, be sure to contact your Memory Care Facility or local Area Agency on Aging for the most up-to-date information.
|Am I allowed to visit my loved one in person?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Is my loved one required to quarantine after I visit him or her?||No|
|Am I required to wear a mask if I visit my loved one in person?||Yes|
|Are visitors screened for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are residents allowed to leave the facility at-will?||Yes|
|Are residents of senior living facilities who leave required to quarantine when they get back?||No (Conditions Apply)|
|Are staff members and contractors checked for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are staff members and contractors tested for COVID-19?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly screen residents for COVID-19 symptoms?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly check residents for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly test residents for COVID-19?||Yes|