Alzheimer's disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the state of Georgia and across the United States as a whole. According to the Alzheimer's Association, there are currently more than 150,000 seniors in Georgia living with Alzheimer's and other types of dementia, and this figure is expected to increase by 26.7% by 2025. The CDC estimates that the number of seniors affected by Alzheimer's and other memory-related diseases will double by 2060.
Memory care facilities provide those living with Alzheimer's and dementia with care that is tailored to their unique needs. Memory care can take place in its own facility, or as part of a designated wing of another residential care community. Staff members of memory care units or facilities undergo specialized training in caring for those with memory impairment, and the facilities often coordinate social activities and schedules specifically for the needs of those living with Alzheimer's or dementia.
This guide will cover the cost of memory care in Georgia, financial assistance options for paying for memory care, free memory care resources in the state, and a directory of memory care facilities in Georgia.
Table of Contents
Because of the specialized staff training and resources required to provide high-quality memory care, memory care typically costs more than other types of residential care. On average, memory care will cost 20-30% more than assisted living.
To determine the cost of memory care in Georgia and its surrounding areas, we've increased the assisted living costs provided by the Genworth 2021 Cost of Care Survey by 25%.
Other states within the area are also less expensive than the U.S. average. Alabama is the least costly at $4,379 per month, while in Florida ($5,000), South Carolina ($4,515) and Tennessee ($5,131), seniors can expect to pay just a bit more than in Georgia.
The cost of memory care can vary depending on where in the state a facility is located, but when looking at the statewide average, Georgia's monthly expense for memory care is more than $1,000 below the national median at $4,419. Cities throughout the state range from $3,438 in Warner Robins to as much as $6,625 in Brunswick. In larger cities, such as Atlanta ($4,806) and Columbus ($5,279), seniors pay a little more than the statewide average.
Although Medicaid doesn't directly cover memory care services in Georgia, it does provide some services that may be offered within a memory care setting, including skilled nursing and physical therapy. Those who require comprehensive coverage to afford memory care services may also apply to one of the state's waiver programs, which amend the coverage offered by regular Medicaid to include additional services tailored to seniors and long-term care residents.
Community Care Services Program
The Community Care Services Program (CCSP) is a Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) waiver that helps eligible seniors avoid nursing home placement. It provides personal care services either in the home or within state-licensed assisted living and memory care facilities, as well as personal support services, emergency response systems and respite care, when necessary.
Service Options Using Resources in a Community Environment
This program, known as SOURCE, is one of Georgia's Elderly and Disabled waivers. It covers services such as assisted living and memory care, as well as some in-home services, for seniors who would require a nursing home level of care if it wasn't for the support provided by this program.
Seniors who wish to qualify for Medicaid waivers in Georgia must meet specific annual income limits, as listed in the table below. Regardless of household size, a single applicant is subject to an annual personal income limit of $30,276. In a two-person household where both members are applying, the annual household income limit is doubled to $60,552. Assets for single applicants are limited to $2,000, while dual applicants can retain up to $3,000 in countable assets.
2022 Medicaid Income Limits for Seniors in Georgia
|family size||annual income limits||asset limits|
|Two-Person Household (Single Applicant)||$30,276 for applicant only||$2,000 for applicant only|
|Two-Person Household (Dual Applicants)||$60,552||$3,000|
Beyond these income and asset limitations, seniors applying for Medicaid must also prove:
Resources are available in Georgia to help seniors better understand and navigate the complex process of applying for Medicaid coverage.
|Georgia Medicaid||404-651-9982||Seniors can access help with determining eligibility and the next steps in the application process by contacting the Georgia Medicaid Eligibility Department.|
|Division of Family & Children Services (DFS)||In-person||Seniors who'd like help with the Medicaid application process can visit their nearest DFS office for assistance.|
|Division of Aging Services||In-person||The Division of Aging Services is committed to helping seniors understand their insurance and can provide hands-on assistance with completing Medicaid applications.|
Unfortunately, Medicare does not generally cover the cost of Memory Care. Most Memory Care Facilities are considered to be "social settings," so Medicare does not cover the cost incurred in these facilities. The only exception to that is if you are receiving memory care services in a Nursing Home. While this situation is much less common, Medicare would sometimes cover the cost, depending on a number of circumstances.
That being said, Medicare does still cover qualified doctor visits, medications, etc., as it would if you were still at home, but it will not cover the cost of care received at the Memory Care Facility.
In addition to the state programs mentioned above, those looking for resources to finance memory care may consider:
In Georgia, facilities that provide residential memory care services include assisted living communities with 25 or more residents, and personal care homes for two or more residents. These facilities are licensed and regulated by the Department of Community Health (DCH), and must meet specific requirements for admission thresholds, provided services, facility standards, and medication management. Facilities offering memory care services must provide secure surroundings for residents and meet additional requirements.
All facilities in Georgia must undergo an on-site inspection to be granted their initial license. Thereafter, facilities are subject to both announced and unannounced inspections, reviews and examinations by DCH representatives.
Assisted living communities in Georgia are required to provide residents with personal care, medication administration by a certified aide, and assisted self-preservation in the event of an emergency situation. Personal care homes are required to offer housing, meals, personal care services, social activities, and assistance or supervision with medication administration.
In both of these settings, memory care units must offer activities appropriate to residents' abilities or adapt activities so memory care residents are able to participate. These activities must be available on a weekly basis, with therapeutic activities available daily. Programming may include motor-focused activities such as exercises, dancing, and gardening; self-care, including bathing and grooming; social activities; and activities that support sensory enhancement.
The state of Georgia has restrictions on who may be admitted to assisted living communities and personal care homes. The table below outlines the requirements for acceptance to one of these facilities.
Residents Who May Be Admitted
Older adults and people with:
Residents Who May NOT Be Admitted
Facilities are required to complete a residential assessment within 48 hours of a senior moving in, and after that, on a yearly basis or following any significant health change. A licensed health professional must also determine if a senior is able to self-administer medication or requires assistance. Additional assessments may be conducted for residents with medical, psychological, developmental, or intellectual impairments.
Residents are also allowed to contract with third-party providers, such as a licensed hospice agency, certified home health agency, or mental health agency, if they feel they could benefit from additional services.
Both assisted living communities and personal care homes require residents to undergo an assessment to determine their functional capacity for completing activities of daily living, as well as their physical care needs, medical requirements, and any cognitive or behavioral impairments. Facilities also need to determine an individual residents' personal preferences in regard to the care services they receive and whether they have access to family supports.
The results of these assessments must be written up in the form of a care plan with findings updated on an annual basis. Memory care units are required to review residents' care plans each quarter, making adjustments as needed based on changes in their needs.
Residents of assisted living communities who have the capacity to self-administer medications must be allowed to do so. Staff must assist with medication administration if requested, including providing help with storage, applying topical medications or administering EpiPens. Staff must be licensed to provide this assistance unless the medication is packaged in individual doses.
If medication administration is provided by a facility, it must be performed by a certified medication aide. These services include administering physician-ordered medications, insulin or epinephrine, conducting finger stick blood glucose tests, or administering a commercially prepared enema. Quarterly drug regimen reviews must be conducted by a licensed pharmacist.
The same requirements are in place for self-administration and assistance by staff in personal care homes, however, these facilities are not permitted to administer medications and are not required to undergo pharmacist reviews.
In memory care units, both assistance with self-administration and the administration of medications must be provided by a licensed registered nurse (RN) or a licensed practical nurse working under the supervision of a licensed physician or RN. A proxy caregiver employed by the facility may also be permitted to administer these services.
In both assisted living communities and personal care homes, apartment-style units are required, so seniors may reside in either private and shared rooms. A minimum of one toilet and sink must be provided for every four residents, and at least one room for bathing/showering for every eight residents. Fully accessible bathrooms are required if a facility serves residents who rely on wheelchairs or walkers. Living units in personal care homes can house up to four residents, and residents are permitted to share a living space if the request is made in writing.
Memory care units are required to provide a homelike environment with features such as multipurpose rooms for dining and activities, secured outdoor spaces that are wheelchair accessible, lighting that minimizes shadows, and personalized entrances to resident rooms so seniors can readily identify their own space. Facilities must also have a communication system in place that allows staff to communicate with other team members and emergency service workers.
Assisted living facilities and personal care homes in Georgia are required to have a full-time administrator to deal with daily operations, as well as a team of direct care staff to assist with personal care services. Certified medication aides must be employed to administer medication in assisted living facilities. Staffing at a facility must reflect the needs of its residents. The minimum staff-to-resident ratio is 1:15 during waking hours, and 1:25 at night, and at least one staff member must be on-site 24 hours per day.
All staff members are required to undergo training within 60 days of employment on topics such as residents' rights, infection protocols, and emergency preparedness. Direct care staff must receive training in the medical and social needs of residents, assistance with medication, and emergency first-aid. All hands-on staff members are required to participate in 24 hours of continuing education in their first year of employment and 16 additional hours on an annual basis.
Memory care units are required to have enough specialized dementia care staff to adequately serve their residents' needs, including certified medication aides, with one awake staff member on-site at all times. Dementia care staff must undergo special training in the areas of philosophy of care and facility policies, including dementia-specific care needs, behavioral problems, communication skills and therapeutic activities specific to those with dementia.
While Georgia Medicaid does not cover room and board expenses, it offers the CCSP and SOURCE waiver programs to help seniors cover the cost of care in assisted living communities and personal care homes, including the services provided in memory care units.
Family members or anyone with concerns about resident neglect or abuse in an assisted living community or personal care home should contact the Department of Community Health's Healthcare Facility Regulation division at 800-878-6442. Concerns and complaints may also be submitted online by filling out a protective services report.
Seniors throughout Georgia can access various resources that offer help with common issues that face seniors. Some of these resources provide support and training for caregivers as well as access to important resources that offer programs tailored to the unique needs of dementia patients. Additionally, the resources listed below exist to ensure the safety and quality of life for seniors living with Alzheimer's disease and those who reside in long-term care.
|Georgia Alzheimer’s & Related Dementias Task Force (GARD)||GARD is a multidisciplinary group focused on promoting brain health and the early detection of dementia. Some of its goals include improvements in research, awareness, training and making care resources accessible.|
|Dementia Friends Georgia||Dementia Friends is a social action movement that seeks to educate the public about dementia and encourage the creation of dementia-friendly communities. The program also provides mini-grants to fund dementia-friendly efforts in communities across the state.|
|Alzheimer’s Association Georgia Chapter||800-272-3900||The Georgia Chapter of the Alzheimer’s Association provides educational resources and support services to seniors living with dementia and their families. The organization also supports funding and research efforts in the understanding and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.|
|Georgia Memory Net||404-727-1568||Georgia Memory Net is a statewide program that offers tools for screening and early diagnosis of dementia. The program also helps determine the appropriate treatment for seniors’ cognitive conditions and provides access to long-term support services.|
|Georgia Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program||866-552-4464||The Long-Term Care Ombudsman program accepts and resolves complaints about long-term care. Complaints can be filed by seniors, long-term care staff, family members or the general public. This department aims to ensure seniors can reside safely in long-term care facilities without facing neglect, abuse or exploitation.|
Note: The following information was compiled and most recently updated on 2/3/2022. Since COVID-19 is a rapidly evolving crisis, be sure to contact your Memory Care Facility or local Area Agency on Aging for the most up-to-date information.
|Am I allowed to visit my loved one in person?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Is my loved one required to quarantine after I visit him or her?||No|
|Am I required to wear a mask if I visit my loved one in person?||Yes|
|Are visitors screened for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are residents allowed to leave the facility at-will?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Are residents of senior living facilities who leave required to quarantine when they get back?||No (Conditions Apply)|
|Are staff members and contractors checked for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are staff members and contractors tested for COVID-19?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Do staff members have to regularly screen residents for COVID-19 symptoms?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly check residents for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly test residents for COVID-19?||Yes|