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Because of the specialized staff training and resources required to provide high-quality memory care, memory care typically costs more than other types of residential care. On average, memory care will cost 20-30% more than assisted living.
According to Genworth Financial’s 2019 Cost of Care Survey, the average monthly cost of assisted living in the state of North Dakota and the city of Bismarck is $3,405. Located along the eastern border of the state near Minnesota, Grand Forks has an average monthly cost of only $1,950. Seniors in Fargo, which is situated a little further south along the border, incur an average cost of $3,984 per month. All of these rates are significantly lower than the national average of $4,015 per month.
Estimating a 25% average increase in costs for memory care, on average, North Dakota and Bismarck residents may pay approximately $4,256 per month for memory care. This also translates to residential memory care costs of approximately $2,438 per month in Grand Forks and approximately $4,908 per month in Fargo.
Also known as the Aged and Disabled Waiver, North Dakota’s Medicaid Waiver for Home and Community Based Services was developed to help aging adults and people with disabilities stay out of nursing homes and remain in a community setting, such as an assisted living or memory care facility. Services include residential care services, such as personal care, facilitated recreational and social programming and the availability of a 24-hour staff. While participants must be able to direct their own care to qualify, those enrolled in the waiver program can receive assistance with activities of daily living and memory care in a group facility, such as an assisted living or basic care facility.
Who is Eligible: North Dakota residents must qualify for and be enrolled in Medicaid to be eligible for the waiver. Eligible individuals can earn no more than $883 in monthly income and have no more than $3,000 in countable assets (not including personal belongings and an individual’s home and vehicle). Applicants must also be at least 65 years old or disabled and require a nursing home level of care. Individuals must live in their personal residence and be capable of directing their own care at the time of applying.
How to Apply: Those interested in applying can complete an online application through the N.D. Department of Human Services or contact their local county Human Service Zone for assistance in completing the application.
North Dakota’s Basic Care Assistance Program (BCAP) provides funding to seniors, disabled and blind individuals, including those in need of memory care, to help cover the cost of room and board in a licensed basic care facility. Any income received by the participant will generally go toward the cost of care, but individuals may keep $60 per month to help pay for personal expenses. The program sends payments directly to the basic care facility, is available to qualified Medicaid-eligible residents and is administered by the N.D. Department of Human Services.
Who is Eligible: To qualify, North Dakota residents should be eligible for Medicaid and meet the requirements of a functional assessment. These requirements include not being able to cook meals, take medication independently or complete household tasks. They also may not be so impaired that they are unable to perform activities of daily living, such as eating, dressing and toileting.
North Dakota residents may be eligible to enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan to help cover the cost of memory care through a private insurance company. Participants in these plans receive benefits included with original Medicare plans Part A and Part B, which cover certain hospital and outpatient services, as well as additional coverage for benefits and services not otherwise available through Medicare. The state’s Medicare Advantage program provides seniors with a choice of several different types of plans, one of which is called a Special Needs Plan (SNP). SNPs are insurance plans dedicated to certain populations, such as those with dementia, diabetes or another type of condition. Depending on the plans available in the individual’s area, an SNP plan that helps cover the cost of memory care services may be available. Additionally, SNPs are required to include prescription drug coverage.
Who is Eligible: For North Dakota residents to qualify for Medicare Advantage, they must be within three months of their 65th birthday or older, enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B, pay a monthly premium for the Medicare Advantage plan and live in their selected plan’s service area. There are special enrollment periods that are available each year, depending on the applicant’s Medicare standing and other factors. Those with end-stage renal disease may not enroll.
How to Apply: Interested individuals can contact their local county Human Service Zone office for assistance with enrolling in a plan, learning more about their options and accessing helpful resources in the state. Seniors can also call the Department of Human Services at 800-472-2622, the State Health Insurance Counseling Program (SHIC) at 701-328-2440 or email [email protected] for more information.
In addition to the state programs mentioned above, those looking for resources to finance memory care may consider:
Facilities that are licensed to provide memory care in North Dakota include assisted living facilities and basic care facilities. Assisted living facilities are overseen by the Department of Health and the Department of Human Services, and basic care facilities follow rules designated by the Department of Health.
North Dakota’s assisted living facilities have fewer regulations than basic care facilities. Additionally, basic care facilities must provide residents with meals, while ALFs are not required to do so. Neither type of facility has specific regulations related to providing memory care, although certain basic care facilities are specifically permitted to provide care for those with dementia.
Assisted living facilities provide individualized care to five or more residents in a building with five or more living units. Residents may receive assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) and independent activities of daily living (IADLs), and they are only required to pay for the services they receive based on request or need. Home health agencies may contract with residents to provide additional services.
Basic care facilities have living quarters for five or more residents who receive meals, personal care, social support and health care. Services include assistance with ADLs and IADLS, medical care arrangements, transportation, assistive devices and living unit maintenance. Third-party home health and hospice agencies may contract with the facility for nursing and end of life care.
|Residents Who May Be Admitted||Older adults and people with:|
|Residents Who May NOT Be Admitted||Those who:|
Applicants at assisted living facilities must be evaluated to ensure they qualify for admission according to the facility’s requirements. For every admitted resident, facilities must maintain ongoing records of specific services provided.
Basic care facilities must assess residents in areas of need relating to personal care, nutrition, health, socializing and more. Assessments must be completed within the first two weeks of a resident’s move-in date and then at least once per quarter. The facility should formulate a care plan resulting from resident consultations and the assessments.
Unlicensed staff in assisted living and basic care facilities may only administer drugs that are controlled and prescribed on an as-needed basis if they are specifically trained to do so and a registered nurse monitors the administration. Other medications may be administered by unlicensed staff.
In assisted living and in basic care facilities, unlicensed staff members may administer medication, except for controlled prescription drugs taken on an as-needed basis. Personnel acting in this capacity must have specific training and be monitored by a registered nurse.
While most basic care facilities have semiprivate units, which must provide each resident with at least 80 square feet, private units must be at least 100 square feet. The facility may have shared bathrooms. Up to 15 residents may share a bathtub or shower, and up to four residents may share a toilet.
In an assisted living facility, each unit must include a lockable entry door, a private full bathroom and a sleeping area. A maximum of two people may occupy one bedroom.
Basic care facilities specifically licensed to provide memory care must require staff to undergo specialized training. This includes:
There are no specific staffing ratios that assisted living or basic care facilities are required to maintain, but each must have staff available 24 hours per day. All staff in both types of facilities must complete training in residents’ rights, infection control, residents’ mental and physical health needs, fire and safety procedures and behavioral problems and prevention.
Basic care facilities that serve residents with dementia or a brain injury can have services covered by a home and community-based Medicaid waiver. Personal care services are also covered by state-funded Medicaid in licensed basic care facilities.
Assisted living facilities must provide a written notice to residents explaining how they can file complaints against the facility. Residents of both types of facilities may file complaints by emailing [email protected], completing an online form at the Department of Human Services’ Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program website or by calling 701-328-4617 or 855-462-5465 and selecting option 3.
|Kairos Alive! Dancing Heart Program|
|612-926-5454||The Kairos Alive! Dancing Heart Program brings dance and music to people with Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia who reside in basic care and assisted living facilities. In 90-minute sessions, individuals receiving memory care can share stories that come to life through stimulating and interactive performance art.|
|Alzheimer’s Association Minnesota-North Dakota Chapter|
|800-272-3900||The Minnesota-North Dakota Chapter of the Alzheimer’s Association helps individuals with dementia-related illnesses and their families through training, support groups and resources, such as an online community and care consultations.|
|North Dakota Family Caregiver Support Program|
|855-462-5465||The North Dakota Family Caregiver Support Program (FCSP) helps caregivers of individuals with dementia or Alzheimer’s disease through respite, care coordination, counseling and information. Trained coordinators can help caregivers understand the needs of people with dementia and access appropriate support services.|
|Dementia Care Services Program|
|701-258-4933||North Dakota’s Dementia Care Services Program (DCSP) aims to empower caregivers with knowledge and training about caring for individuals with dementia throughout its multiple stages. DCSP services are administered through a partnership between the Alzheimer’s Association and the North Dakota Department of Human Services (DHS). The program also works with the Vulnerable Adult Protective Services Program and the FCSP to educate law enforcement agencies, medical professionals and the public on dementia’s symptoms and treatment options.|