The number of people requiring memory care in Maryland is growing. In 2020, approximately 110,000 people were living with Alzheimer's disease in the state. Current estimates suggest that it will grow to over 130,000 people by 2025. In 2019, over 1,000 Maryland residents died due to complications from Alzheimer's Disease.
Memory care facilities provide those living with Alzheimer’s and dementia with care that is tailored to their unique needs. Memory care can take place in its own facility, or as part of a designated wing of another residential care community. Staff members of memory care units or facilities undergo specialized training in caring for those with memory impairment, and the facilities often coordinate social activities and schedules specifically for the needs of those living with Alzheimer’s or dementia.
This guide will cover the cost of memory care in Maryland, financial assistance options for paying for memory care, free memory care resources in the state, and a directory of memory care facilities in Maryland.
Table of Contents
Because of the specialized staff training and resources required to provide high-quality memory care, memory care typically costs more than other types of residential care. On average, memory care will cost 20-30% more than assisted living.
Taking into account the additional expense of memory care on top of traditional nursing services, we've added 25% to the costs found in the 2021 Genworth Cost of Care Survey to estimate the cost of memory care in Maryland.
The average senior in Maryland pays $6,560 per month for memory care, which is more than $1,000 above the U.S. average. The cost here is lower than in Washington, D.C., and Delaware, where seniors pay $7,435 and $7,494 per month, respectively, but significantly higher than in neighboring Pennsylvania, which carries an average cost of $5,125.
Keep in mind that even within the state, factors such as location, quality of care and access to government programs can impact care. In cities such as Baltimore, Cumberland, Hagerstown and Salisbury, average costs range from $5,788 to $6,560 per month.
State Medicaid programs help individuals and families that can't afford medical care obtain the health services they require. Maryland's Medicaid program doesn't provide direct coverage for memory care, but there are multiple waiver programs you may be able to enroll in to be able to offset the cost of care.
Community First Choice
The Community First Choice program helps those who want to continue to lead lives as part of the community but recognize the need for long-term care. It allows family members to become paid caregivers and provides benefits proportional to the individual's needs. It can also cover the cost of admitting a family member into a nursing facility with memory care services.
Community Options Waiver
This waiver is for people who require long-term care but choose to receive it at home or through a group living center. Some assisted living and memory care facilities may qualify for this waiver.
Income limits are used to determine whether you're eligible for financial aid. In order to be approved for Medicaid, you can't earn more than the specified limits or hold countable assets that could be sold to pay for care.
2022 Medicaid Income Limits for Seniors in Maryland
|family size||annual income limits||asset limits|
|Single Person||Annual income can't exceed cost of care||$2,500|
|Two-Person Household (Single Applicant)||Annual income can't exceed cost of care||$2,500 for applicant & $137,400 for spouse|
|Two-Person Household (Dual Applicants)||Annual income can't exceed cost of care||$6,000 / $5,000 after six months|
In addition to the above financial limitations, if you're applying for Medicaid in the state, you must:
Maryland offers several ways to get enrolled in Medicaid. You can use the MDThink website to access all these programs.
|Maryland Medicaid Administration||Online||The Maryland Medicaid Administration allows people to check to see if they qualify for benefits and apply online.|
|The Bureau of Long Term Care||346 Frederick Rd., Catonsville, MD 21288||The Bureau of Long Term Care focuses on connecting people in Baltimore, Anne Arundel and Prince George Counties with financial aid for long-term care. Seniors can visit in person for help with the application process.|
|Long Term Care Medical Assistance||Online||This special program helps cover out-of-pocket costs for low-income residents who require nursing care in an assisted living or memory care community.|
Unfortunately, Medicare does not generally cover the cost of Memory Care. Most Memory Care Facilities are considered to be "social settings," so Medicare does not cover the cost incurred in these facilities. The only exception to that is if you are receiving memory care services in a Nursing Home. While this situation is much less common, Medicare would sometimes cover the cost, depending on a number of circumstances.
That being said, Medicare does still cover qualified doctor visits, medications, etc., as it would if you were still at home, but it will not cover the cost of care received at the Memory Care Facility.
In addition to the state programs mentioned above, those looking for resources to finance memory care may consider:
Assisted living facilities in Maryland that are licensed to care for individuals with memory impairment are considered assisted living programs (ALPs) and are regulated by the Department of Health. There are three types of licenses available based on the level of care provided. The department or their delegates conduct facility inspections every 15 months, or more often if required.
ALPs must complete an assisted living disclosure form, and facilities with an Alzheimer’s special care unit must include details regarding the unique design features and activities provided to meet the needs of residents with dementia.
All ALPs must provide three nutritious meals daily and snacks throughout the day. They must also aid in coordinating health services, provide assistance with two or more ADLs and offer occasional assistance in accessing recreational services. Programs can provide minor interventions to manage disruptive behavior and occasional psychological episodes.
Facilities with level two licenses provide a higher level of support with ADLs and can assist with frequent disruptive behaviors or psychological episodes. Level three programs also provide ongoing access to comprehensive health services, frequent assistance with ADLs and intensive supervision to manage behaviors that may disrupt or harm the resident or others. They must also monitor and manage psychological episodes that may require immediate intervention.
There is a wide range of residents who can be admitted to ALPs, but facilities must meet certain restrictions as well. This table gives an overview of who may or may not be admitted.
Residents Who May Be Admitted
Older adults and people with:
Residents Who May NOT Be Admitted
Those who require:
And those who:
Individuals must be assessed to identify the level of care they require to meet their medical, cognitive and psychiatric needs. The assessment also determines their treatment requirements, ability to self-administer medication and their ADL and risk factor management needs. Any problematic behaviors are noted. The assessment must be reviewed every 6 months, and a full assessment must be performed after a non-routine hospitalization or significant change in condition.
Level one programs can assist with self-administration of medications, while level two and three programs can administer medication and monitor the effects of medications and treatments. Each resident’s ability to self-administer must be reviewed by a licensed health care professional at least quarterly. Health professionals must also review individual’s regimes within 14 days of admission, and a licensed pharmacist must conduct an on-site review at least every six months for any resident receiving nine or more medications.
ALPs can have a maximum of two residents per unit, although this limit may be waived if programs have previously received a waiver. There must be at least one toilet for every four residents. A minimum of one bathtub or shower is required for every four residents in facilities with eight or fewer residents. Larger facilities must have one for every eight residents.
Facilities must have enough staff available to make sure residents’ scheduled and unscheduled needs can be met. A waiver to use electronic monitoring instead of awake overnight staff can be granted when a physician or nurse determines residents don’t require overnight assistance.
Each facility must have a manager to direct daily operations and an alternate nominated for periods when the manager is unavailable. There must be a registered nurse available to provide nursing services, and medication technicians and direct care staff must also be available. Initial training is required and individuals who perform personal care must demonstrate competence to the delegating nurse. Managers must complete 20 hours of continuing education every 2 years.
Room and board in ALPs is not covered by standard Maryland Medicaid. Waiver programs, including the Community Options Waiver, do assist with the cost of some care services provided by level two and three ALPs. Services in level one programs are not covered by any Medicaid waivers.
Maryland has a range of reporting options for anyone with concerns or complaints about the treatment of residents in ALPs. Both Adult Protective Services and the Office of Health Care Quality investigate complaints. Residents with Medicaid insurance can report concerns to the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit of the Maryland Attorney General’s office. In addition, the Maryland Department of Aging, Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program investigates and attempts to resolve complaints made by residents of assisted living facilities.
While Maryland does provide financial aid to those who require memory care through state-funded programs, you can also obtain additional assistance through charitable organizations and community programs. Whether you're looking for the best possible care, caregiver support or financial aid, these organizations can offer you additional resources at little or no cost.
|Maryland Area Agencies on Aging||410-767-1100||Maryland's Area Agencies on Aging are located in all counties throughout the state and provide a variety of services for seniors. That includes case management and help with seeking long-term care, as well as assistance accessing local resources that provide financial support, nutritional help and transportation.|
|John Hopkins Memory and Alzheimer's Treatment Center||410-550-6337||The John Hopkins Memory and Alzheimer's Treatment Center offers breakthrough treatment for a variety of neurological conditions. It offers a social group for caregivers, patient resources and care at low or no cost for those participating in research trials.|
|Alzheimer's Association of Maryland||800-272-3900||The Alzheimer's Association seeks to connect families with the support services they need in their times of need. You can access educational resources, support services and other forms of assistance.|
|Maryland Department of Aging||888-373-7888||The Maryland Department of Aging offers resources and support services to seniors in the state of Maryland.|
|Maryland Long-Term Care Ombudsman||Online||The Maryland Long-Term Care Ombudsman protects the rights of elders who reside in memory care facilities and other long-term care settings. Its representatives accept and resolve complaints regarding neglect or abuse as filed by residents, caregivers and family members.|
Note: The following information was compiled and most recently updated on 2/8/2022. Since COVID-19 is a rapidly evolving crisis, be sure to contact your Memory Care Facility or local Area Agency on Aging for the most up-to-date information.
|Am I allowed to visit my loved one in person?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Is my loved one required to quarantine after I visit him or her?||No|
|Am I required to wear a mask if I visit my loved one in person?||Yes|
|Are visitors screened for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are residents allowed to leave the facility at-will?||Yes|
|Are residents of senior living facilities who leave required to quarantine when they get back?||No (Conditions Apply)|
|Are staff members and contractors checked for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Are staff members and contractors tested for COVID-19?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|
|Do staff members have to regularly screen residents for COVID-19 symptoms?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly check residents for elevated temperatures?||Yes|
|Do staff members have to regularly test residents for COVID-19?||Yes (Conditions Apply)|